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Pharmacokinetic analysis of individual steady-state plasma amoxicillin concentrations was done both in the i.v. infusion phase and in the oral phase of AMC, administered on the basis of the quantitative susceptibility of the detected microbe(s). The in vitro growth/killing dynamic parameters on model of Staphylococcus aureus as the most frequent isolate were evaluated. Therapeutic protocol optimization, leading to prediction of the earliest time to reduce the number of viable bacteria to 10-6 as a surrogate criterion of efficacy, was performed. augmentin antibiyotik.
Our results demonstrated for first time in the studied aria, using E-test strips, the level of resistance of N. gonorrhoeae offering useful informations for clinicians in order to treat the patients with ceftrixone and spectinomycine as empirical treatment, and for other antibiotics, according with antibiogram results. augmentin es prospect.
Two hundred and sixty-eight documented positive cultures were observed in 190 cirrhotic patients (median age 61.5 years, 58.5% Child score C). Of these, 57 were classified as confirmed SBP and 140 as confirmed bacterascites. The predominant flora was Gram-positive cocci, whatever the situation (SBP, bacterascites, nosocomial/health-care related or not). Enteroccocci (27.7% E. faecium) were isolated in 24% of the episodes, and in 48% from patients receiving quinolone prophylaxis. E. coli were susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanate and to third-generation cephalosporins in 62.5% and 89.5% of cases, respectively. No single antibiotic allowed antimicrobial coverage of more than 60%. Only combinations such as amoxicillin + third-generation cephalosporin or cotrimoxazole allowed coverage close to 75-80% in non-nosocomial episodes. Combinations based on broader spectrum antibiotics should be considered for empirical therapy of nosocomial infections. augmentin 312 syrup.